The law is a slimmed down version of the Build Back Better Act that passed the House in 2021 but failed to even come up for a vote in the Senate due to opposition primarily from Sen. Joe Manchin (D-W.V.). The Inflation Reduction Act did manage to keep some of the failed Build Back Better Act’s provisions in terms of generating revenues from corporations and wealthy taxpayers, as well as meeting some of the White House’s goals in the energy and health care sectors.
The law includes a one percent excise tax on stock repurchases, which goes into effect beginning in 2023, as well as a new corporate alternative minimum tax, although that does not apply to companies owned by private equity funds or certain manufacturing.
On the individual side, the IRS received a boost in funding of $80 billion across 10 years, part of which will be used to hire new agents who will help to the agency close the tax gap and get the wealthiest individuals to pay their fair share of taxes. Department of the Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen has directed the Internal Revenue Service to not use any of the new funding to increase the share of small businesses or households making $400,000 or less that are exposed to audit.
To help meet the Biden Administration’s environmental goals, the law includes tax credits for electric vehicle purchases, as well as new tax credits and extensions on expiring tax credits to produce electricity from renewable sources; making homes more energy efficient; and other activities aimed at reducing the carbon output of the nation.