President Biden is looking to add $2.1 billion more to the Department of the Treasury budget over 2023 enacted levels, an increase that would give the agency $16.3 billion in discretionary budget authority, with the majority of those funds earmarked for the Internal Revenue Service.
“To ensure that taxpayers receive the highest quality customer service and that all Americans are treated fairly by the U.S. tax system, the Budget provides a total of $14.1 billion for the IRS, $1.8 billion, or 15percent, above the 2023 enacted level,” the White House stated in the budget document released on March 9, 2023.
On the same day, the Treasury Department released the so-called “Greenbook” which outlines the administration’s revenue proposals for Fiscal Year 2024.
Adding some additional details, the budget document noted that the IRS budget includes “an increase of $642 million to improve the taxpayer experience and expand customer service outreach to underserved communities and the entire taxpaying public,” the document states, adding that $290 million will be allocated to information technology modernization.
The budget document also notes that in “addition to the annual discretionary funding, the Budget proposes to maintain deficit reducing Inflation Reduction Act-funded initiatives in 2032 and beyond. This proposal builds on decades of analysis demonstrating that program integrity investments to enforce existing tax laws and increase revenues in a progressive way by closing the tax gap—the difference between taxes owed and taxes paid.”
Tax Policy Highlights
The budget document notes that spending within the overall budget will be offset “by tax reforms to ensure that the wealthiest Americans and multinational corporations pay at least a minimum tax rate and reforming taxation of stock buybacks,” which is expected to reduce the deficit by $1.17 trillion during the next decade.
On the corporate side, the document states it plans to raise the corporate income tax rate to 28 percent.
The budget also notes that it will invest “in working families, by cutting taxes for working people and families with children, providing paid leave, and improving home care.”
President Biden is proposing in the budget to restore “and make permanent the American Rescue Plan expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit for workers without qualifying children,” as well as other tax provisions, including:
- Providing a neighborhood homes credit;
- Expanding and enhancing the low-income housing credit;
- Expanding the child credit, and making permanent full refundability and advanceability;
- Making the adoption tax credit refundable and allowing certain guardianship arrangements to qualify; and
- Making permanent the income exclusion for forgiven student debt.
The Greenbook also provides some additional clarity on the tax policy proposals. The Biden Administration once again will be seeking the implementation of a billionaire minimum tax of 25 percent, targeted at the wealthiest 0.01 percent of individuals to ensure they are paying their fair share of taxes.
The budget also includes health-related tax policy proposals, including the closure of Medicare tax loopholes and increasing the Medicare tax and the Net Investment Income Tax rate by 1.2 percentage points above $400,000 for a total Medicare tax rate of 5 percent on high-income taxpayers. It also looks to expand tax credits for health insurance premiums.