San Francisco Tax Preparation / CPA: Final Regulations Coordinate Code Sec. 245A DRD Limit and GILTI Disqualified Basis Rule
Final regulations issued by the Treasury and IRS coordinate the extraordinary disposition rule that applies with respect to the Code Sec. 245A dividends received deduction and the disqualified basis rule under the Code Sec. 951A global intangible low-taxed income (GILTI) regime. Information reporting rules are also finalized.
Extraordinary Disposition Rule and GILTI Disqualified Basis Rule
The extraordinary disposition rule (EDR) in Reg. §1.245A-5 and the GILTI disqualified basis rule (DBR) in Reg. §1.951A-2(c)(5) both address the disqualified period that results from the differences between dates for which the transition tax under Code Sec. 965 and the GILTI rules apply. GILTI applies to calendar year controlled foreign corporations (CFCs) on January 1, 2018. A fiscal year CFC may have a period from January 1, 2018, until the beginning of its first tax year in 2018 (the disqualified period) in which it can generate income subject to neither the transition tax under Code Sec. 965 nor GILTI.
The extraordinary disposition rule limits the ability to claim the Code Sec. 245A deduction for certain earnings and profits generated during the disqualified period. Specifically, Reg. §1.245A-5 provides that the deduction is limited for dividends paid out of an extraordinary disposition account. Final regulations issued under GILTI address fair market basis generated as a result of assets transferred to related CFCs during the disqualified period (disqualified basis). Reg. §1.951A-2(c)(5) allocates deductions or losses attributable to disqualified basis to residual CFC income, such as income other than tested income, subpart F income, or effectively connected taxable income. As a result, the deductions or losses will not reduce the CFC’s income subject to U.S. tax.
The coordination rules are necessary to prevent excess taxation of a Code Sec. 245A shareholder. Excess taxation can occur because the earnings and profits subject to the extraordinary disposition rule and the basis to which the disqualified basis rule applies are generally a function of a single amount of gain.
Under the coordination rules, to the extent that the Code Sec. 245A deduction is limited with respect to distributions out of an extraordinary disposition account, a corresponding amount of disqualified basis attributable to the property that generated that extraordinary disposition account through an extraordinary disposition is converted to basis that is not subject to the disqualified basis rule. The rule is referred to as the disqualified basis (DQB) reduction rule.
A prior extraordinary disposition amount is also covered under this rule. A prior extraordinary disposition amount generally represents the extraordinary disposition of earnings and profits that have become subject to U.S. tax as to a Code Sec. 245A shareholder other than by direct application of the extraordinary disposition rule (e.g., inclusions as a result of investment in U.S. property under Code Sec. 956).
Separate coordination rules are provided, depending upon whether the application of the rule is in a simple or complex case.
Every U.S. shareholder of a CFC that holds an item of property that has disqualified basis during an annual accounting period and files Form 5471 for that period must report information about the items of property with disqualified basis held by the CFC during the CFC’s accounting period, as required by Form 5471 and its instructions.
Additionally, information must be reported about the reduction to an extraordinary disposition account made pursuant to the regulations and reductions made to an item of specified property’s disqualified basis pursuant to the regulations during the corporation’s accounting period, as required by Form 5471 and its instructions.
The regulations apply to tax years of foreign corporations beginning on or after the date the regulations are published in the Federal Register, and to tax years of Code Sec. 245A shareholders in which or with which such tax years end. Taxpayers may choose to apply the regulations to years before the regulations apply.