The American Institute of CPAs offered a series of guidance recommendations to the Department of the Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service to help provide clarity on a notice issued by the IRS on changes to the regulation for Roth IRA catch-up contributions made by SECURE 2.0.

In a January 17, 2024, letter to the agencies, AICPA recommend that guidance be issued across areas.

First, the organization recommended that Treasury and the IRS “ssue guidance stated that federal income tax withholding with respect to a participant’s mandatory Roth IRAcatch-up contribution is not required before February 1 of the year in which the amount is contributed,” the letter stated.

Second, AICPA called for guidance “allowing an elective deferral which is treated as a Roth catch-up contribution due to being recharacterized based on the failure of the ADP [actual deferral percentage] test, to be taxable to the participant in the year of recharacterization.”

Third, it was recommended that future guidance issued in relation to Section V.3 of the Notice 2023-62“clarifies that for purposes of determining if an employee’s participating wages exceeds $145,000 (as adjusted0, only wages from the employee’s specific common law employer in the previous year are included, and only if it is a participating employer in the plan.”

Finally, AICPA recommends the agencies issueguidance stating that an individual who had deferrals characterized as Roth contributions as a result of not contributing deferrals equal to the regular limit be permitted to have them designated as regular deferrals.”

The organization characterized these guidance recommendations as helping to bring more simplicity to the tax system.

“Due to the mandate in SECURE 2.0 requiring certain catch-up contributions be made on a Roth IRA basis, the IRS issued notice 2023-62 to help implement the provision,” Kristin Esposito, AICPA director of tax policy and advocacy, said in a statement. AICPA want to highlight certain administrability issues noticed in the guidance that we believe will make for a smoother transition.”

By Gregory Twachtman, Washington News Editor